Ancient Egypt was one of the most intriguing civilizations that ever existed, and from the pyramids to mummification, there are some genius technologies that came from the era that still mystify anyone who researches into their customs. However there are also a lot of other intriguing facts about Ancient Egypt that you might not have known about. Here are some facts about ancient Egypt you might not have known.
- Cleopatra, one of Egypt’s most famous pharaohs—and its last one—was not Egyptian at all, but Greek.
- Pharaohs kept slaves smeared in honey close to them to keep the flies away.
Both women and men wore makeup. Their makeup was usually created from lead and copper, which they believed had healing and protective powers against the gods Horus and Ra; they also used it as sunscreen.
- Children didn’t wear clothes until they were around six years old.
- Pharaohs wore a headdress called a nemes and would never let their hair be seen.
- Wealthy Egyptians wore wigs. The common people usually wore pigtails or just had long hair. Laws prohibited slaves or servants from shaving their heads or wearing wigs, as a shaved head was a sign of nobility.
- Egyptians believed that the Earth was circular and flat, and believed that the Nile River flowed directly through the center.
- The brain was liquefied and pulled out through the nostrils during mummification, and internal organs were removed and placed in canisters called canopic jars. The heart was left in the body because the Egyptians believed it contained the soul.
- The world’s oldest dress—estimated to be 5,000 years old—was found in Egypt.
- The teams that built the pyramids were paid laborers—not slaves—and they were paid in beer.
The goddess of women, the cat goddess Bast (or Bastet), was said to be half woman, half cat. Because of this, cats were regarded as sacred and penalties for hurting a cat were severe. When a pet cat died, its master would shave off his eyebrows as a sign of mourning.
- Ancient Egyptians slept on pillows crafted from stone.
- In ancient Egypt, people were pretty much guaranteed jobs as gold workers if they were born with dwarfism, or if they were excessively tall, or had other unusual bodily features. The reason was simple; if a worker was suspected of stealing the gold, he would be easily found in a crowd and detained.
- The king of Egypt was not necessarily a man. The King could be a woman. Although in the English language the word king is gender-specific, in Egyptian the word applied to both sexes.